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Vegetarian Vs Pescatarian: Which Diet Is A Healthier Option?

Vegetarian Vs Pescatarian- Whether you’re a vegetarian or a pescatarian, it’s important to know which diet is a healthier option. There are good and bad points to every type of diet. The best way to determine if one is right for you is to take into consideration your background, lifestyle, age and health. This article contains a quick breakdown on what each diet entails and how it could affect your overall health.

The question is which diet is better overall – the  vegetarian vs pescatarian? Let’s take a closer look, and see which diet is more sustainable, healthier, and better for the environment.

Who Is A Vegetarian?

Vegetarianism is a whole subset of the diet that is veganism. Vegetarians do not consume meat or fish. However, they may still use other animal products such as milk, cheese and eggs whereas vegans also avoid using these animal products. Vegetarian diets are generally composed of grains, legumes, nuts, seeds and vegetables. Additionally, with occasional consumption of fruits and other non-plant foods such as dairy products, honey and eggs.

Vegetarians will often make their decision for ethical reasons. But there are many health benefits associated with this lifestyle, including lower risk of heart disease and cancer.

Read Also: 30 Interesting Facts About Vegetarian Lifestyle

Vegetarian Vs Pescatarian

Who Is A Pescatarian?

A pescatarian is a person who does not eat any form of land animal but does consume certain types of fish. Pescatarians are sometimes called “fishatarians” or “piscean Vegetarians”. They follow the same strict guideline of being vegetarian by not eating meat. However, they do have some flexibility when it comes to their dietary restrictions because they can include seafood in their diet.

Types of vegetarians


This is the practice of abstaining from the use of animal products, particularly in diet. A follower of veganism is known as a vegan. Veganism is a way of living that seeks to exclude all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing or any other purposes.

Lacto-Ovo vegetarian

A Lacto-Ovo vegetarian diet is a bit more complex than the other two variations of the vegan diet. It includes eating foods of vegetable origin along with dairy products and eggs. Many strict vegetarians prefer this type of diet.

Ovo vegetarian

Ovo vegetarians exclude meat, fish, and poultry but consume eggs. The name Ovo comes from the Latin ovi, which means egg. Ovo vegetarians are vegans, but non-dairy products such as eggs or honey can still be part of their diet.


This is a pattern of eating that relies heavily on fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts, seeds and other plant-derived foods. Those who pursue this type of diet often eat fish or seafood and consume dairy products and eggs. It is one of several types of vegetarianism practiced around the world today.

Lacto vegetarian

Lacto vegetarianism is following a plant-based diet that includes dairy products such as milk, yogurt, cheese, etc. A person who follows this diet is known as a Lacto vegetarian. The term “Lacto vegetarian” may include both vegans and ovo vegetarians. Vegans are people who avoid all animal foods, including dairy products. At the same time, ovo vegetarians consume eggs but not meat or dairy foods.


A Flexitarian is someone who eats a primarily plant-based diet but occasionally eats meat or fish. It’s often as simple as not wanting to commit to a fully vegan or vegetarian lifestyle and micro-managing their food.


Fruitarianism is a diet that consists of fruit, nuts, seeds, and plants. A fruitarian attempts to live on primarily fruit. While they usually allow vegetables and nuts, they do not eat anything derived from animals.

Another plant-based diet is;


This diet is centred around whole grains, beans and vegetables while avoiding processed foods.

Vegetarian Vs Pescatarian

The long-standing debate among dieters, nutritionists, and doctors alike is whether a vegetarian or a pescatarian diet is better for ideal health. Of course, there is no right or wrong answer when it comes to food choices. However, I’m here to explain the healthy lifestyle advantages associated with both.


Healthy is often the keyword when it comes to dieting, where vegetarians are of particular concern. A vegetarian diet has so many options, but today the definition of vegetarian is quite comprehensive. There are some things to look at before choosing your diet. 


Vegetarian  Pescatarian 
The Vegetarian diet focuses on plant-based foods. Pescatarians are vegetarian but also eat seafood.
Vegetarians eat beans, nuts, grains, vegetables, fruits and seeds. Fish keeps your bones healthy.
The standard Vegetarian diets include more fibre Eating more fish changes gut flora.
Vegetarians need to watch out for vitamin B12 deficiency Pescatarians usually have higher intakes of vitamins B12 and D
Both vegetarians and pescatarians have lower rates of obesity. Fish has Omega-3, which is good for the body
A vegetarian diet is low in protein The pescatarian diet has moderate protein


From the above table, you’ll find out that both diet lifestyles are similar. However, pescatarians have an advantage over vegetarians as a result of the presence of Omega 3 acids.

Vegetarian Vs. Pescatarian Vs. Vegan Vs. Macrobiotic Vs. Flexitarian

All of these diets have different definitions but are categorized as plant-based. It can be challenging to choose what type of diet is right for you especially if you are unfamiliar with the diets. If you are thinking about trying a plant-based diet or want to know what is best for you, keep reading.


Vegetarian, pescatarian, vegan, macrobiotic and flexitarian are just different kinds of vegetarians. Some vegetarians eat eggs and/or dairy. Some don’t. It’s possible to split hairs about whether people who eat fish are vegetarians. However, I think most people would consider fish-eating vegetarians to be on the edge of the vegetarian camp if not firmly in it.

Vegetarian Vs Pescatarian: Why Choose One Over The Other

There are lots of reasons for food abstainers; whether you choose vegetarian vs pescatarianism, it’s mainly your dietary choice. For many people, the word “vegetarian” means no consumption of animal products (meat, fish, poultry, etc.) for ethical/religious reasons. There are also those who choose to be vegetarian because they do not like meat or agree with eating animals. Then, there are those who want to be healthy by consuming more fruits and vegetables.

You may be wondering why you should choose one over the other, especially when both options are healthy options. They’re both diets that focus on consuming natural foods rather than processed foods, but they’re still different.

If you’re a strict vegetarian, you might be wondering why pescatarians are even a thing.

In reality, the decision between becoming a vegetarian versus becoming a pescatarian can be quite nuanced. It requires deliberate self-reflection and thorough research.

Vegetarians and pescatarians have a lot of differences. While they both avoid meat, vegetarians exclude fish, fowl and the flesh of any other animal from their diet. Pescatarians, on the other hand, go a step further by including fish in their meals. Depending on the diet you abstain to maintain proper health, there are benefits associated with it. It is recommended that you discuss this matter with your doctor before adopting the diet completely.

Vegetarian Vs Pescatarian: Health Benefits of Vegetarian and Pescatarian Diets

By definition, a vegetarian abstains from consuming meat and other animal products, such as eggs and dairy. Thus, a vegetarian diet excludes many high-cholesterol foods—animals being the usual source of cholesterol. Research has shown that a high level of cholesterol in the blood can be a significant factor in reducing life expectancy, as well as triggering several potentially fatal heart conditions. 

Today it is believed that vegetarian and pescatarian diets have a positive impact on health in many ways, such as;

Benefits Of Pescatarian Diet

  1. Helps reduce the risks of cancers, diabetes and heart disease
  2. Helps slow ageing
  3. Can be a great substitute for the vegetarian and vegan diet
  4. Pescatarian diet Is a great alternative diet for those who love fish but want to start a vegetarian lifestyle.
  5. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids.
  6. Can help you lose weight.

Benefits Of Vegetarian Diet

  1. Provides protection against heart problems
  2. Helps in controlling weight
  3. Provides adequate fibre, vitamins and minerals
  4. Lower risk of, cancer
  5. Life expectancy increases and improves quality of life

Popular Myths Surrounding Vegetarian And Pescatarian Diets

1: It is hard to get all the nutrients you need in a vegetarian or pescatarian diet

2: Vegetarians and pescatarians do not get enough protein in their diet

3: Vegetarian and pescatarian diets are unhealthy

4: Protein deficiency leads to muscle wasting

5: You get more vitamins from meat

6: You can get B12 from animal products only


The common myth is that vegetarians do not get enough protein. Some studies suggest that vegetarians and pescetarians can get an ample supply of protein from plant-based foods. However, there are still considerations one must take to ensure they are getting enough.


Another myth to be debunked is that vegetarians will need to take supplements and vitamins and minerals to do well and stay healthy.

But this is not the case due to the fact that 99% of these vitamins and minerals, an average vegetarian diet can provide. Additionally, you can get enough protein from different kinds of beans, soy, nuts, cheese, meat substitutes, etc.

Read Also: Can Vegans Eat Fish?

Celebrities Who Are Vegetarians And Pescatarians

Many famous personalities have adopted vegetarianism, not just because of the ethical issue regarding killing animals for food but also for health and environmental reasons.

Vegetarianism and pescatarianism are slowly but surely becoming more popular these days. Celebrities in Hollywood are often at the forefront of popular culture, so it’s no surprise that many stars decide to adopt a meat-free diet. 

Famous celebrities like Liam Hemsworth (Vegan), Jennifer Lopez (Vegetarian), and many others are showing they don’t need to eat meat. The world is changing, and people are starting to benefit from following a vegetarian diet. Here’s a look at some well-known vegetarians and pescetarians in the spotlight;

  • Ariana Grande (Vegan)
  • Olivia Wilde (pescatarian)
  • Liam Hemsworth (vegan)
  • Brad Pitt (vegetarian)
  • Lea Michele (vegan)
  • A$AP Rocky (pescatarian)
  • Bill Clinton (vegan)
  • Vegetarian (Thandie Newton)
  • Billie Eilish (vegan)
  • Miley Cyrus (vegan)
  • Beyonce (vegan)
  • Lizzo (vegan)

Read Also: Lizzo Weight Loss – Plus-Size Celebrity Weight Loss Program That Works

Final Takeaway 

A balanced diet, one rich in fruits and vegetables, lean meats (if you choose), nuts and beans, is the foundation of good nutrition. One should strive for variety in your diet to ensure that you are getting all of the various nutrients you need. 

The key to healthy eating has been well said to be moderation. It does not include consuming large quantities of any one type of food or ingredients from any particular group.

The ultimate conclusion is that everyone has an individual diet which is best for them given their personal constitution.

FAQs: Vegetarian Vs Pescatarian

What Do Vegetarians and Pescatarians Eat?

I think we can all agree that vegetarians don’t eat meat and pescatarians eat fish. But aside from those two things, vegetarians and pescatarians share many similarities. 

Vegetarianism is the practice of abstaining from the consumption of meat (red meat, poultry, seafood, etc.), and may also include abstention from by-products of animal slaughter. Pescetarianism is similar to vegetarianism in terms of diet but allows for the inclusion of fish and other seafood. 

Do Pescatarians live longer than vegetarians?

Pescatarians, who occasionally eat fish and seafood tend to live longer than vegetarians and non-vegetarian people.

Do Pescatarians and Vegetarians Eat Eggs or Dairy?

People who adopt a vegetarian diet refrain from eating meat or any products that come from an animal. This includes eggs, dairy products and fish. However, some vegetarians eat dairy and eggs while pescatarians eat meat.

Do vegetarians look younger?

Barring any medical issues, a vegetarian lifestyle can certainly contribute to a healthier appearance.

Who is the most famous vegetarian?

Pythagoras, a Greek philosopher and mathematician who lived from about 570 BC to about 495 BC, is probably the most famous of all vegetarians.

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